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Study programmes > All studies > Electroradiology > Electroradiology, full-time, first-cycle programme

Electroradiology, full-time, first-cycle programme (WNZ-0166-1SP)

(in Polish: Elektroradiologia, stacjonarne pierwszego stopnia)
first-cycle
full-time, 6 semesters
Language: Polish

Qualification awarded:

(in Polish) Licencjat na elektroradiologii

Access to further studies:

second-cycle programmes, postgraduate programmes

Professional status:

A graduate of the first-cycle electroradiology program has a general knowledge of medical and physical sciences and a detailed knowledge of electroradiology. The graduate is prepared to perform diagnostic and therapeutic procedures involving the use of radiological and radiotherapy equipment, nuclear medicine, and electromedical devices (electrocardiography, electroencephalography, electromyography, audiology, respiratory function tests, and others). He/she is able to control the quality of diagnostic equipment, ensure the radiation protection of patients and medical staff, and prevent the consequences of errors in using medical equipment during the diagnostic and treatment process. The graduate is able to cooperate and communicate with patients and other team members, as well as to provide counseling related to diagnostic imaging techniques, radiotherapy, nuclear medicine, and electromedical diagnostics. The graduate can be employed in radiology, radiotherapy, and nuclear medicine facilities, ECG, EEG, EMG, and audiology labs, and clinical physiology units providing the full range of services, as well as in the marketing sector for medical equipment.

Access requirements

ATTENTION: this information may be not up to date. Valid admission requirements can be found on www.erk.uj.edu.pl

Rating of the candidates on the basis of the results of the qualifying subjects taken at the matriculation examination or at the central entrance examination: biology, physics and astronomy, and mathematics.

Teaching standards

ATTENTION: this information may be not up to date. Valid admission requirements can be found on www.erk.uj.edu.pl

Graduates who complete the programme of study have acquired the training outcomes specified in Resolution No. 34/III/2012 adopted by the Senate of the Jagiellonian University on 28 March 2012 on the introduction of training outcomes for degree courses conducted at the Jagiellonian University as of the 2012/2013 academic year, with later amendments. The graduate holds the following qualifications as regards knowledge, skills and social competence: knows the normal structure of cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems of the human body and the biological mechanisms of their functioning; knows and understands human physiological processes and the pathophysiological mechanisms of disease as well as the biology of human genome, the mechanisms that maintain its integrity and the phenomena that lead to its damage; knows and understands the physical basics of electroradiology, including the physics of ionizing radiation, acoustics and electroacoustics, electricity and electrical current flow; knows the basic principles of radiobiology and understands the physical, biological, and pathophysiological basics of radiotherapy; knows and understands the basics of information technology, mathematics, and statistical data analysis necessary in electroradiology; knows the psychological basis of individual behavior and the individual’s relationships with his/her family and surroundings; understands the social determinants of health and disease; knows the ethical and legal aspects of the electroradiological profession; has the general knowledge needed to understand the social, economic, and legal aspects of medical procedures; knows the basics of epidemiology, prevention, health promotion, and health education; has a detailed knowledge of how an X-ray and imaging diagnostic lab is organized, the principles of keeping X-ray and diagnostic imaging lab files, and the scope of duties and responsibilities of lab technicians in X-ray diagnostic and diagnostic imaging units; has a detailed knowledge of the construction and functioning of X-ray and imaging equipment, i.e. equipment elements and other devices used in X-ray equipment, densitometers, angiography equipment, CT devices, ultrasound and NMR devices and diagnostic imaging devices used in ophthalmology; has a detailed knowledge of the X-ray tests of the skeletal system, the chest, and the abdominal cavity; contrast tests of the digestive tract, bile duct, urinary system and other systems; vascular tests, mammography, etc.; the principles of CT and MR tests, conventional ultrasound and Doppler tests; has a detailed knowledge of the specificity of imaging tests in pediatrics and dentistry; has a detailed knowledge of radiological anatomy, the hallmarks of the normal and the pathological image, and patient-positioning techniques; has a detailed knowledge of the clinical use and technological basis of interventional radiology; has a detailed knowledge of work organization in a radiotherapy team, as well the rights, duties, and responsibilities of team members, including electroradiologists; knows the basics of oncology and understands its role in contemporary medicine, and, to the extent of his/her competence, understands the symptoms of cancer and the principles of cancer registration; has a detailed knowledge of the equipment used in teleradiotherapy and brachytherapy, the construction and uses of cobalt devices, X-ray lamps, simulators, accelerators, cyclotrons, and brachytherapy equipment; to the extent of his/her competence, understands the role of the planning of ionizing radiation therapy in teleradiotherapy and brachytherapy, international standards concerning irradiated areas and tolerance doses, the concept of critical organs, the distribution of isodoses and dose-volume histograms, the assessment of radiation treatment plans; has a detailed knowledge of the principles of patient care in a radiotherapy facility and the importance of keeping medical files, knows and understands the risk of post-radiation complications and radiation toxicity; has a detailed knowledge of how a radioisotope lab, nuclear medicine facility, and radioisotope therapy ward are organized, and knows how to keep their files; knows and understands the rights, duties, and responsibilities of an electroradiologist in a nuclear medicine facility; has a detailed knowledge of and understands the construction and functioning of nuclear medicine equipment: single- and multi-channel counters, dose calibrators, scintillation probes, gamma cameras, PET scanners, and hybrid equipment: SPECT/CT, PET/CT, PET/MRI; has a detailed knowledge and understands the principles of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET); has detailed knowledge and understands the principles of radioisotope in vitro assays (RIA, IRMA) and non-imaging tests; has a detailed knowledge and understands the principles of static and dynamic scintigraphy, and assay gating; has a detailed knowledge and understands the principles of radiopharmacology and radiopharmaceutics – types, labeling techniques, quality control standards; to the extent of his/her competence, knows and understands the principles of the radioisotope imaging of organs: the endocrine system, the circulatory system, the digestive system, the osteoarticular system, the central nervous system, the urinary system, and other systems; imaging neoplastic lesions; molecular imaging; radiopeptides; indications and contraindications, result interpretation; has a detailed knowledge of isotope therapy for hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancers, bone metastases, radiosynoviorthesis, radioimmunotherapy, receptor therapy, their indications, outcomes, and complications; has a detailed knowledge of the guidelines for patients and staff during radioisotope diagnostics and therapy; has a detailed knowledge of the way in which ionizing radiation interacts with inanimate matter and living organisms: understands the physical phenomena that occur as a result of ionizing radiation, knows the genetic and molecular basis of carcinogenesis, the physical and biological basis of radiotherapy, elements of radiobiology, the biological impact of ionizing radiation on a living organism; understands the phenomenon of the relative biological effectiveness of different kinds of ionizing radiation; knows the lab methods used in rating biological effectiveness; has a detailed knowledge of units and measures used in radiation protection, and ionizing radiation doses; has a detailed knowledge of radiation protection in Poland, the principles of radiation protection, dose limits; has a detailed knowledge of patient radiation protection, reference levels, staff responsibilities, safe conditions for using ionizing radiation for medical purposes, and methods of limiting patient’s exposure to ionizing radiation; knows the relevant national and EU regulations concerning radiation protection; has a detailed knowledge of the basic types of detectors, the construction and functioning of ionizing chambers, thermoluminescent and semiconductor detectors, the construction and types of dosimeters; knows and understands the principles of measuring radiation doses based on national and international guidelines (ICRU); has a detailed knowledge of the technological and biophysical basis of electrocardiography, electroencephalography, electromyography, audiology, functional respiratory tests, ophthalmic imaging technologies, and their clinical use; knows the principles of analyzing and interpreting electrographic signals, artifacts and their elimination in electrographic assays, the functioning of Holter equipment; knows and understands the technological and biophysical basis of EEG and EMG tests and their techniques; knows and understands the technological, biophysical and physiological basis of audiological tests; knows and understands the technological and physiological basis of respiratory function tests (spirometry, spirography, capnography, plethysmography); has a detailed knowledge of the basic national and international laws, norms, and guidelines concerning quality standards in electroradiology; knows the systems of quality management, the principles of clinical audits in X-ray diagnostics, radiotherapy, and nuclear medicine, the principles of measuring and analyzing errors in electroradiology; to the extent of his/her competence, has the knowledge needed to recognize anatomical structures in different imaging tests: X-ray images, CT and NMR tests, ultrasound tests; knows the normal image of anatomical structures in radiological assays in different projections and its changes depending on the position of the patient; has the knowledge about test errors and is able to identify their causes; has the basic knowledge needed to perform tests and therapeutic procedures in radiology, radiotherapy, nuclear medicine and electromedical diagnostics; has the knowledge of dosimetry and radiation protection necessary to ensure the safety of patients, medical staff, and their surroundings; knows how to control the quality of medical equipment using ionizing radiation in order to ensure the safety of patients and staff, as well as high-quality diagnostics and treatment; is aware of the position of electroradiology within the national healthcare system; knows the standards of recording medical information and the current legal environment – DICOM, the basics of archiving and distributing imaging data – PACS, IT systems in radiology – RIS, principles and basics of teleradiology; knows the algorithms for reconstructing source data, filters, interpolation, the difference between source data and processed data, types of reconstruction techniques for individual diagnostic methods, the principles of archiving and recording processed imaging data in test files; has the knowledge of hospital infections, including the sources and reservoirs of microorganisms in the hospital environment, transmission pathways, the prevention and eradication of hospital infections, including the microflora of the hospital environment; knows the principles of first aid; knows and understands the health issues of internal medicine patients; knows and understands the causes, symptoms, and principles of diagnosing the most common conditions that require surgical intervention with the use of imaging techniques; knows and understands the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of the most common conditions in children; has a basic knowledge of female reproductive functions, the associated disorders, as well as the diagnostic and treatment procedures in gynecology and obstetrics; knows and understands the mechanisms leading to a sudden danger to life and health; knows the principles of basic CPR knows the ergonomic causes of medical errors and adverse events in the healthcare system, with special emphasis on medical equipment interfaces, work space and organization (including shift and night work), physical and psychological overload; is able to interpret the indications for a radiographic examination in a doctor’s referral; is able to explain the procedure to the patient and tell him/her how to proceed after the test to ensure radiation protection; is able to communicate effectively with patients, colleagues, and other healthcare professionals; is able to plan diagnostic and therapeutic procedures using ionizing radiation, non-ionizing radiation and ultrasounds, and to perform them in accordance with medical guidelines; is able to define the diagnostic problem and adjust the test procedure to the specific problem of an individual patient; is able to use radiological equipment designed for conventional and tomographic radiography, fluoroscopy, vascular assays, dental tests, mammography and galactography, X-ray densitometry, CT and nuclear magnetic resonance; is able to use radiotherapy equipment, carry out immobilization, treatment simulation, treatment plan assessment, and radiation plan assessment; is able to identify symptoms of acute radiation toxicity, the relationship of acute and late radiation toxicity to treatment quality, the concept of critical organs and dose-volume histograms, clinical radiotherapy, clinical brachytherapy; is able to use nuclear medical equipment to perform the scintigraphy of individual organs, the scintigraphy of the whole body, tomography tests: SPECT and PET, hybrid tests: SPECT/CT and PET/CT, iodine uptake tests; knows the basics of radiopharmacology and the principles of radioisotope therapy; is able to use electromedical equipment used in electrocardiography, electroencephalography, electromyography, respiratory function tests, as well as audiology equipment, and diagnostic imaging in ophthalmology; is able to evaluate and interpret test results to the extent of technical staff’s competence; is able to predict possible test errors, its artifacts and variants and prevent them; knows the principles of quality control for electromedical equipment, the principles of diagnostic lab organization and records management; knows the principles of dosimetry and radiation protection: measuring doses, controlling equipment parameters; is able to examine and register the results of tests and procedures, prepare test and procedure records related to radiology and electromedical and imaging diagnostics; is able to find necessary information in specialist literature, databases, and other sources, integrate the information, interpret it, draw conclusions, and form opinions; is able to communicate in English (or another foreign language) at level B2 level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages; is able to identify the features of the workplace and equipment (i.e. hidden errors) that can hinder work and cause medical errors and adverse events; knows how to use ergonomic checklists; is able to work in a team; is able to use the computer for text editing, statistical analysis, fact-finding and data collection, preparing presentations; is able to present selected medical issues in oral or written form appropriate to the level of the audience; is able to properly manage his/her own time and the time of his co-workers; is able to deliver qualified first aid; is able to reconstruct source images in different imaging methods, to archive imaging data, save them on different platforms, and restore them; interprets and uses legal regulations pertaining to his profession and healthcare service delivery; is able to recognize a sudden danger to health/life; has the habit of lifelong learning and the necessary skills; is aware of his/her own limitations and knows when to turn to experts; is able to work under conditions of stress and uncertainty; prioritizes the welfare of the patient; respects the patient and shows an understanding of differing worldviews and cultural differences; respects patient and professional confidentiality, as well as the laws, by-laws, and directives in force at the workplace, especially concerning patient rights; is able to cooperate with other healthcare professionals; understands the importance of imparting the research findings of his/her discipline to the public; properly organizes his/her own work and is able to cooperate and work in a team; takes responsibility for his own actions; adheres to work safety regulations; respects the code of ethics; is able to actively take initiative to improve staff working conditions and patient safety.